Important Chess Tactics Patterns

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It’s important to know chess tactics patterns because it supports an effective calculation method and will improve your tactical awareness.

Here’s a list of the important chess tactics patterns you should know.

List of the Important Chess Tactics Patterns

Note: You should also study the given examples to help you get a better understanding of the patterns.

Advanced Pawns

Attraction

Blocking (Interference)

Interference or obstruction

blocking a critical file or diagonal

Clearance

Clearing a square; Opening a critical square, file or diagonal

Combinations

Counter-tactics

Discovered Attack

Double Attack

A double attack is when you create multiple threats with one move. Although a fork and a double attack are often used interchangeably in chess, it’s technically not the same thing.

Examples of Double Attack.

Double Check

The king must move.

Fork Tactics

A fork tactic is when one of your pieces are making multiple threats at the same time. Even though a fork is sometimes referred to as a double attack, it’s not the same thing. The main difference is that a fork refers to multiple threats made by one piece, whereas a double attack can involve multiple threats by more than one piece.

Examples of Fork Tactics.

Hit-and-Run Tactics

Indirect Defense

Pawn Tactics

Often overlooked because the focus is on the pieces

Pin Tactics

A pin is when a threatened piece cannot move without exposing an even more valuable piece (or target) behind it. The link below will take you to an in-depth study of pin tactics where you can learn the basics but also the advanced aspects of pin tactics:

Learn more about Pin Tactics.

Remove the Defender

.. Capture a defender .. Overload a defender .. Attack a defender

Remove the Defender

Simplification

into a winning endgame

Skewers

Skewers (sometimes referred to as a “reversed pin”) occur when an attacked piece must move to safety but will expose a lower-valued piece (or target) behind it. Skewers appear visually similar to pins, but their impact is very different.

Learn more about skewer tactics.

Stalemate Tactics

and drawing

Trapped Piece

Weak Back-rank

X-Ray Tactics

An X-Ray tactic occurs when two of your pieces defend one another “through” an enemy piece. The X-Ray tactic should not be confused with a pin, skewer or discovered attack. (Although they share some similarities, the concept behind an X-Ray is unique).

Examples of X-Ray Tactics.

Zugzwang

position IS ok but forced to make a weakening move

Zwichenzug

or In-between move